Technical Notes
Case Studies
General Theory


Effects of Liquid-Phase Electrical Conductivity, Water Content, and Surface Conductivity on Bulk Soil Electrical Conductivity, Rhoades, J. D., P. A. Raats, and R. J. Prather. (1976), Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 40:651-655.

Measurement of Apparent Electrical Conductivity of Soils by an Electromagnetic Induction Probe to Aid Salinity Surveys, de Jong, E., A. K. Ballantyne, D. R. Cameron, and D. L. Read. (1979), Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 43:810-812.

An Electromagnetic Induction Technique for Reconnaissance Surveys of Soil Salinity Hazards, Williams, B. G., and G. C. Baker, (1982), Australian Journal of Soil Res. 20: 107-118.

The Use of Electromagnetic Induction for Locating Subsurface Saline Material. In ‘Relation of Groundwater Quantity and Quality, Williams, B.G., Fiddler, F-T., 1983, (Proceedings of the Hamburg Symposium, August 1983). IAHS Publishing No 146 189-196.

Use of Electromagnetic Induction Instrument (Type EM-38) for Mapping Soil Salinity, van der Lelij, (1983), Water Resources Commission, Murrumbidgee Division, New South Wales, Australia.14 p.

A Rapid Method for Estimating Weighted Soil Salinity from Apparent Soil Electrical Conductivity Measured with an Aboveground Electromagnetic Induction Meter, Wollenhaupt, N. C., J. L. Richardson, J. E. Foss, and E. C. Doll. (1986), , Can J. Soil Sci. 66:315-321.

The Use of Electromagnetic Induction to Detect the Spatial Variability of the Salt and Clay Contents of Soil, Williams BG & Hoey D 1987, Australian Journal of Soil Research 25, 21-28.

Estimating Spatial Variations of Soil Water Content Using Noncontacting Electromagnetic Inductive Methods, Kachanoski RG Gregorich EG & Van Wesenbeeck IJ 1988., Canadian Journal of Soil Science 68, 715-722.

Application of an Aboveground Electromagnetic Conductivity Meter to Separate Natraqualfs and Ochraqualfs in Gibson County, Ammons JT Timpson ME & Newton DL. 1989, Tennessee. Soil Survey Horizons 40, 66-70.

Soil Electrical Conductivity and Soil Salinity: New Formulations and Calibrations, Rhoades, J.D., N.A. Manteghi, P.J. Shouse, and W.J. Alves. 1989., Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 53:433-439.

New Calibrations for Determining Soil Electrical Conductivity Depth Relations from Electromagnetic Measurements, Rhoades, J. D., S. M. Lesch, P. J. Shouse, and W. J. Alves. (1989), Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 53:74-79.

Determining ECa-Depth Profiles from Electromagnetic Induction Measurements, Slavich, P. G. (1990), Aust. J. Soil Res. 28:443-452.

Determining Soil Electrical Conductivity-Depth Relations Using an Inductive Electromagnetic Soil Conductivity Meter, Rhoades, J.D. and D.L. Corwin. 1991., Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 45:255-260.

The Use of Electromagnetic Measurements of Apparent Soil Electrical Conductivity to Predict the Boulder Clay Depth, Brus DJ Knotters M van Dooremolen P van Kernebeek P & van Seeters RJM 1992. Geoderma 55, 79-84.

Depth Profiles of Electrical Conductivity from Linear Combinations of Electromagnetic Induction Measurements, Cook, P.G., Walker, G.R., 1992.. Soil Science Society of America Journal 56, 1015-1022.

Salinity Estimates in Irrigated Soils Using Electromagnetic Induction, Diaz, L., and J. Herrero. (1992), , Soil Sci. 154(2): 151-157.

Soil Salinity Mapping with Electromagnetic Induction and Satellite-Based Navigation Methods, Cannon ME McKenzie RC & Lachapelle GP 1994. Canadian Journal of Soil Science 74, 335-343.

Sodium-Affected Soil Identification in South-Central Illinois by Electromagnetic Induction, Nettleton WD Bushue L Doolittle JA Endres TJ & Indorante SJ 1994., Soil Science Society of America Journal 58, 1190-1193.

Estimating Depths to Clay Pans Using Electromagnetic Induction Methods, Doolitlle JA Sudduth KA Kitchen NR & Indorante SJ 1994. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation 49, 572-575.

Estimating Herbicide Partition Coefficients from Electromagnetic Induction Measurements. Jaynes DB Novak JM Moorman TB & Cambardella CA. 1995. Journal of Environmental Quality 24, 36-41.

Yield Mapping by Electromagnetic Induction, Jaynes, D.B., T.S. Colvin, and J. Ambuel. 1995. p. 383-394. In P.C. Robert, R.H. Rust, and W.E. Larson (ed.), Proc. 2nd Intl. Conf. on Site-Specific Management for agricultural Systems. ASA, CSSA, and SSSA, Madison, WI.

Spatial Prediction of Soil Salinity Using EM Induction Techniques 1. Statistical Prediction Models, Lesch SM Strauss DJ & Rhoades JD 1995., A comparison of multiple linear regression and cokriging, Water Resources Research 31, 373-386.

Noninvasive Soil Water Content Measurement Using Electromagnetic Induction, Sheets K.R. and J.M.H. Hendrickx. 1995. Water Resources Res. 31(10): 2401-2409.

Electromagnetic Induction Sensing as an Indicator of Productivity on Claypan Soils, Sudduth KA Kitchen NR Hughes DF & Drummond ST 1995, Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Site Specific Management for Agricultural Systems. (Eds. Probert, P.G., Rust, R.I.H. & Larson, W.E.). pp 671-681.

Evaluation of Calibration Methods for Interpreting Soil Salinity from Electromagnetic Induction Measurements, Johnston, M. A., M. J. Savage, J. H. Moolman, and H. M. du Plessis. (1997), Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 61:1627-1633.

Monitoring for Temporal Changes in Soil Salinity Using Electromagnetic Induction Techniques, Lesch, S. M., J. Herrero, and J. D. Rhoades. (1998), Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 62:232-242.

Using Electrical Conductivity to Provide Answers for Precision Farming, Lund, E.D. and C.D. Christy. 1998., p. I-327-I-334. In Proc. First Intl. Conf. on Geospatial Information in Agriculture and Forestry. ERIM International, Ann Arbor, MI.

Calibrating an Electromagnetic Induction Instrument to Measure Salinity in Soil Under Irrigated Cotton, Triantafilis J Laslett GM & McBratney AB 2000, Soil Science Society of America Journal 64, 1008-1017.

Comparison of Two Electromagnetic Induction Tools in Salinity Appraisals, Doolittle, J., Petersen, M., and Wheeler, T. (2000), Submitted to Jour. Soil Soil and Water Conserv. Oct. 2000.

Application of the EM-31 Terrain Conductivity Meter in Highly-Conductive Regimes, Reid, E. James, A. Howlett, Exploration Geophysics (2001) 32, 219-224.

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